Advantages and Disadvantages of Information and Communication Technology
Information and communication know-how, commonly known as ICT, is an unlimited subject encompassing nearly all applied sciences that may retail, obtain or transmit indicators electronically. Even your thermostat and your car fleet will be a part of the ICT universe if they’re tied right into a wi-fi communication community. With digital units so tightly wound into the material of contemporary society, the benefits and downsides of ICT use might not be instantly apparent. A recent look at the pros and cons helps to provide perspective on the methods ICT impacts you and your online business.
New Communication Methods
ICT has opened up a wide range of new communication methods, allowing you to contact others more or less instantly, and for less money and over greater distances than ever before.
Technologies such as texting, instant messaging and video conferencing permit users to communicate in real time with people worldwide for a nominal charge, which may have seemed ludicrous before the advent of computers. As well as, text-based computer communication can give those with speech or social issues a level playing field to communicate with their friends.
The convenience of these communication methods comes with a downside, as anyone who has had to review a thousand new email messages before morning coffee is well aware. However, some ICT components, such as intelligent chatbots, are finding services to assist reply automatically to at least some forms of incoming communications.
Creation of New Companies
In addition to offering a boost to existing industries such as manufacturing and delivery, heavy ICT adoption has spawned new industries. For example, programmers, systems analysts and Web designers all owe their jobs to ICT, as do those involved in secondary industries such as technology coaching and recruitment.
Nonetheless, the increased efficiency and automation brought about by ICT can also trigger job losses, particularly in manual roles and the manufacturing sector. New types of communication also put old business models in danger. Online information sources pressure newspapers and print magazines. Peer-to-peer communications have done possible businesses like Uber and Airbnb that are disrupting traditional services like taxis and lodges.
Body Language and Non-Verbal Cues
Communication through voice chat or instant messaging doesn’t take body language under consideration. However, non-verbal cues are a significant part of how people communicate, with researcher Albert Mehrabian calculating that 55 % of the message about emotions and attitudes portrayed by individuals is in facial expression alone. As such, there may be an increased chance that your message will be misunderstood if you are not engaged in face-to-face dialogue with the person you are speaking to.
Security Issues and Risks
ICT provides a range of ways for fraudsters to access your details, which might result in you or your business losing cash and reputation. Technologies such as online banking imply that a third celebration might impersonate you with the correct security data and acquire access to your funds remotely. That is in stark distinction to the pre-ICT era when frauds would have needed to convince another person (for example, a financial institution teller or phone operator) that they were you to access your money.