How to Prevent Cyberattacks: 10 Ways To Protect Yourself
By making changes to your devices and accounts, you can secure your devices against authorised attempts to access your data and protect your privacy from those who don’t have permission to share your information. Getting started is easy. Here’s a guide to the few simple changes you can make to protect yourself and your information online.
Be Cautious of Links
Email links are a standard tool used by hackers to trick people into giving up their safety information. Hackers usually need your banking statements, flight reservations, password recovery emails, etc.
If a user clicks on one of these links, they’re taken to a fake website that looks like the original site. The site will ask them to log in or enter personal information. A hacker can access the person’s account as soon as they receive this information.
So, pay attention to the links in your emails. If something looks suspicious, don’t click on it. The safest way is to visit a provider’s website instantly instead of using an email link.
Use Different Passwords
Although it’s simpler to recollect a single password for all your accounts, it’s not probably the safest. The perfect practice is to use a different password on several platforms you may use online. Then, if an organisation you use gets breached, those stolen credentials won’t work on other sites. If you’re wondering how you may bear in mind all these passwords, you’re not alone.
Use a Password Manager
A password manager is a software program that retains all your passwords in one place. You have one “master key” password to unlock entry to those passwords. With a password manager, you won’t have to worry about remembering your passwords. It will additionally preserve you from having to write passwords down (which you should never do!)
LastPass, KeePass, Dashlane, 1Password, and Roboform are good password managers. In addition, some password managers offer free versions, and some are entirely free. And in case you use Dropbox, OneDrive, or Google Drive, it can save your password records on your cloud drive and be accessible anywhere.
Set Up Multi-Factor Authentication
Without multi-factor authentication (MFA) setup, a person can access their account with only a username and password. However, MFA adds another layer of protection. It requires more than one authentication method to confirm a person’s identity for login.
One example of MFA is when a user logs in to a website and must enter an additional One-Time Password (OTP). OTP will be sent to the person’s email or telephone before enabling access to an account. Setting up MFA creates layered protection, making it more challenging for unauthorised persons to access your information.
Avoid Using Debit Cards Online
Another essential cybersecurity tip revolves around making online payments. Once you make an online payment, keep away from using debit cards. Or something tied directly to your bank account.
Instead, use options that give an extra layer of safety between hackers and your bank accounts. For example, it might be a credit card with insurance or an online payment method like PayPal.
Don’t Save Payment Info.
Many websites can help you save your bank card information to make future buying faster and simpler. But, please don’t do it. Breaches occur regularly. There’s nothing to steal if your bank card isn’t saved on the site. It may look like trouble, but we promise it’s not as harmful as having your information stolen.
Keep Your Systems Up to Date
Your software, operating system, and browser should always be up to date. Regularly update your firewalls, system software and firmware if your business uses the internet. The older a system is, the more time hackers need to attempt to discover vulnerabilities. Updating your programs will stop malware or hackers from exploiting those security weaknesses.
Avoid Unknown Websites
In this age of social media, sharing a link online is easy. However, exercise caution when visiting new websites. These websites may carry “drive-by download attacks” that may destroy your data.
With a drive-by download attack, a user doesn’t even need to click on anything on their computer to get infected. Likewise, just visiting a website is enough to lunch a cyberattack. So, stick to well-established sites you know and believe are best. Though these websites can be hacked, too, it’s less likely.
Be Careful on social media.
Social media is an effective way to keep in touch with family and friends. However, be aware of what you are sharing online. Criminals and hackers can learn much about you by observing your public profile. And just like you wouldn’t share all your information with a stranger, you shouldn’t share it online.
Avoid Unnecessary Downloads
Downloads are a prime method hackers use to gain access to your network. So to protect your computer and your data, restrict your downloads. In addition, any unnecessary software or browser extensions should be avoided. And in an organisation, employees should need authorisation before downloading something from the internet.
Finally, security and privacy are linked, so it is advisable to develop the habit of protecting both. It might appear a time-consuming, overwhelming headache, but once you follow these steps, all that’s left is cultivating your judgment and setting up an excellent online habit.
Be suspicious of hyperlinks in emails and on social media. Make your accounts private, and don’t share anything you wouldn’t mind. Maintain your primary email address and phone number as relatively personal. Use a burner email account you don’t care about for shopping and different online activities; that way, if an account is hacked, it’s not linked to an essential personal account, like that of your financial institution. Likewise, avoid using your real name and number when you might have to enrol in a service you don’t care about. Once you settle into a low-key, distrustful paranoia about new apps and services, you’re on your way to avoiding many privacy-invading practices.
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